Difference: NevisSeminars (29 vs. 30)

Revision 302014-04-21 - TimothyAndeen

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Nevis Seminar

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Tuesday Feb. 18th 1pm Jose Alonso Pushing the Envelope of Cyclotron Technology: from Medical Applications to Neutrino Sources The Cyclotron, patented by E.O. Lawrence in 1934, has traditionally been a tool for nuclear physicists to study properties of nuclei. Even from the earliest days, however, applications of the beams from these machines in other fields have played an important role. Glenn Seaborg, in 1938 proposed the first use of an iodine isotope he discovered at the 27” cyclotron as a medical tracer, and in that same year Ernest's brother John Lawrence developed a program of treating tumors with neutrons from cyclotron beams hitting beryllium targets. Today cyclotrons are in widespread use: for radioisotope production, for cancer therapy with proton beams, and for increasingly-diversified programs in nuclear and particle physics research. This talk will cover the range of applications, and the evolution of machines optimized for each, and will explore new developments, from compact superconducting machines tailored for medical uses, up to and including a new project for development of very high-current cyclotrons as compact, cost-effective neutrino sources. Lunch at 12:30 pm  
Thursday Feb. 27th 1pm Mike Hahn Evidence for Wave Heating in the Solar Corona One of the major problems in astrophysics is to understand how the solar corona is heated to over a million degrees. In this talk I will review the coronal heating problem, its possible solutions, and present our results indicating that waves carry energy into the corona from lower layers of the Sun. Lunch at 12:30 pm  
Thursday Mar. 27th 1pm André Loose Counting krypton atoms, one at a time Atom trap trace analysis (ATTA) is a method to detect trace amounts of noble gas isotopes, with up to one part per quadrillion sensitivity - equivalent to one drop of water diluted into a water cube as tall as the Empire State Building. I will talk talk about the ATTA setup at Columbia, which will be used to monitor the krypton contamination in the XENON1T dark matter detector. Lunch at 12:30 pm  
Thursday Apr. 24th 1pm Rachel Carr     Lunch at 12:30 pm  
Thursday Apr. 24th 1pm Rachel Carr The Double Chooz Experiment
The Double Chooz experiment, located in northeastern France, was designed to look for the oscillation of electron antineutrinos coming from nearby nuclear reactors. In 2011, it provided the first hint that this phenomenon exists, indicating that the neutrino mixing parameter theta_13 is nonzero. Since then, Double Chooz has developed many techniques to improve the precision of theta_13 measurements. I will talk about the experiment, our analyses, and what we've learned.
Lunch at 12:30 pm  
  Fall 2013:
Date Time Speaker Title Description Notes Slides
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